Daily Answer Writing And Mentorship Program
Q: Climate-smart agriculture will contribute to the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2030. Discuss (10 Marks, 150 Words)
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Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an integrated and sustainable approach to farming that addresses the
challenges of food security and climate change by optimizing resource use, enhancing resilience, and minimizing
environmental impacts across various agricultural sectors.
Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) tackles food security and climate change by holistically managing croplands,
livestock, forests, and fisheries. Farmer-centric programs like Soil Health Cards and Neem-coated urea enhance
Key pillars of Climate Smart Agriculture
· Food security refers to increasing agricultural productivity, utilizing techniques like precision irrigation
· Adaptation involves modifying farming methods to bolster resilience against climate change, employing
strategies such as cultivating drought-resistant crops and implementing agroforestry and rainwater
· Mitigation encompasses curbing greenhouse gas emissions and optimizing carbon sequestration in
agriculture, utilizing approaches like conservation tillage, and adopting solar pumps.
Role of Climate Smart Agriculture in achieving Sustainable Development Goals 2030
· Poverty alleviation (SDG 1): CSA fosters inclusive farming, benefiting rural poor dependent on agriculture
through increased incomes.
Ø Initiatives like CGIAR and NDDB advocate mixed farming for income diversification.
· Food security (SDG 2) is bolstered by CSA, enabling sustainable yield increases, reduced post-harvest
losses, and improved access to nutritious food.
Ø Programs like PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana financially support micro-irrigation adoption for enhanced
· Environmental conservation (SDGs 7, 14, 15) is promoted through CSA practices, endorsing renewable
energy use, soil health preservation, and water conservation.
Ø Schemes such as KUSUM (solar power in agriculture) and Sahi Fasal campaign align with these goals.
· Climate change mitigation (SDG 13) is facilitated by CSA’s climate-friendly practices, curbing greenhouse
Ø Initiatives like PM PRANAM and Parmparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana contribute to this objective.
· Offering farmers credit linked to CSA practices as incentive for adoption.
· Delivering localized extension services via mobile phones to facilitate understanding.
· Promoting Agri-startups for accessible solutions in soil testing, disaster alerts, and farm management.
· Following global best practices like FAO, WB, UNFCCC standards to ensure quality and effectiveness.
Climate Smart Agriculture presents a transformative approach to tackle food security, climate change, and
sustainable development. Through CSA, we can establish resilient agricultural systems which will contribute to a
more sustainable and inclusive future for future generations.