UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

27 Apr 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Table Of Contents:

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. UNFPA’s population report launched

B. GS 2 Related
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. U.S. imposes new sanctions on Russia
2. Sri Lanka Opposition challenges Bill on Chinese-backed Port City

1. UNFPA’s population report launched

Context:

United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) flagship State of World Population Report 2021 titled ‘My Body is My Own’ has been launched.

State of World Population Report
  • State of World Population Report is an annual flagship report of UNFPA
  • Each edition covers and analyses developments and trends in world population and demographics, as well as shedding a light on specific regions, countries and population groups and the unique challenges they face.

 

Details:

  • The report turns the spotlight on bodily autonomy.
  • This is the first time a United Nations report has focused on bodily autonomy.
    • Bodily autonomy is defined as the power and agency to make choices about your body without the fear of violence or having someone else decide for you.
  • Some examples of violation of bodily autonomy include, child marriage, female genital mutilation, a lack of contraceptive choices leading to unplanned pregnancy, unwanted sex exchanged for a home and food or when people with diverse sexual orientations and gender identities cannot walk down a street without fearing assault or humiliation.
  • Under its ambit also fall people with disabilities stripped of their rights to self-determination, to be free from violence and to enjoy a safe and satisfying sexual life.

Findings:

  • Nearly half the women from 57 developing countries do not have the right to make decisions regarding their bodies, including using contraception, seeking healthcare or even on their sexuality.
  • In countries where data is available, only 55% of women are fully empowered to make choices over healthcare, contraception and the ability to say yes or no to sex.
  • It also highlights that only 75% of countries legally ensure full and equal access to contraception.

The Hindi Original Article Link – Click Here

1. U.S. imposes new sanctions on Russia

Context:

The United States has announced fresh sanctions against Russia.

Details:

  • In an executive order, Mr. Biden widened restrictions on U.S. banks trading in Russian government debt, expelled 10 diplomats who include alleged spies, and blacklisted 32 individuals accused of meddling in the 2020 presidential election.
  • The sanctions were announced in retaliation for Kremlin’s U.S. election interference, a massive cyberattack and other hostile activity.
    • Cyberattack refers to the massive so-called SolarWinds hack of U.S. government computer systems.
  • The order sends a signal that the U.S. will impose costs in a strategic and economically impactful manner on Russia if it continues or escalates its destabilising international action.
  • Department of Treasury, together with the EU, Australia, Britain and Canada, sanctioned eight individuals and entities associated with Russia’s occupation of Crimea in Ukraine.

Concerns:

  • The development comes in the same week as President Joe Biden offered to meet President Vladimir Putin for their first summit.
    • Sanctions would not help build momentum for a summit.
  • The latest tension comes amid worries both in the U.S. and its European allies over Russia’s recent troop build- up on the border of Ukraine.
  • Russia swiftly denounced the actions and warned of retaliation.
  • The sanctions are certain to further deteriorate an already tense relationship between the U.S. and Russia.

Note:

  • The actions represent second major round of sanctions imposed by the Biden administration against Russia.
  • Earlier, the U.S. sanctioned seven Russian officials, along with more than a dozen government entities, over Russia’s attempts to kill opposition figure Alexey Navalny with a nerve agent and his subsequent jailing.
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