Daily Answer Writing And Mentorship Program


Q: Intelligence sharing and international cooperation is crucial in addressing the challenges posed by external
state and non-state actors to India’s internal security. Comment (15 Marks, 250 Words)

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External state actors refer to foreign governments or their intelligence agencies that may engage in activities that pose a threat to India’s internal security.
· Non-state actors, on the other hand, are entities or groups that are not affiliated with any government but still have the capability to impact India’s internal security, such as terrorist organizations or transnational criminal networks.
· Located in a hostile neighborhood with geopolitical conflicts, India’s internal security faces multiple challenges from state and non-state actors:

Challenges posed by External state actors:
· Incursion in border areas as seen by Chinses army in Doklam and Galwan.
· Infiltration and capturing of strategic locations to cut-off Kashmir valley as seen during Kargil conflict.
· Spying and cyber snooping to get information about strategic installations and technologies- Honey trapping experts from DRDO, BARC by ISI.

Challenges posed by External non-state actors:
· Terror attacks within India like 26/11 Mumbai attacks, Pathankot Airbase attack etc.
· Weapons, explosives, and narcotics trafficking within India.
· Supplying counterfeit currencies within India to weaken the economy and monetary system.
· Supporting left-wing insurgents and secessionists within India to destabilise India from within.

Benefits of Intelligence sharing and international cooperation:
· Enhanced Situational Awareness: Availability of prior information and intelligence about designs of potential risks.
· Strengthened Alliances:
Ø Availability of weapons and other platforms in times of tensions and conflicts. Israel’s modifying Indian
fighter jets during Kargil conflict.
Ø Technological cooperation for real-time information sharing. e.g.- USA providing information about
Chinese activities in Doklam.
· Putting sanctions on nations involved in supporting terrorism: Pakistan under Grey list of FATF.

  • Operational Coordination: Cooperation facilitates joint operations, enabling synchronized efforts to counter shared security challenges.
    · Timely and Effective Response: Sharing intelligence enables swift responses to be emerging threats, enabling proactive measures and rapid decision-making.

India continues to cooperate with regional and global partners like USA, Russia, Israel, France, Germany, and Japan in the field of intelligence sharing and cooperation to secure India against external state and non-state actors.