Anthropology Optional Test Series - 2023

Course Fee

₹10,000 + GST

Key Features




  • Tests : 7 Sectional Tests +  2 Comprehensive Tests
  • Discussion Cum Value Addition Videos.
  • Individual Mentoring & Hand Holding.
  • Timely and Multi-level Evaluation within 7 days.
  • Flexible Submission of the Tests.
  • Mode: Live /Online / Offline

Test 1




1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.

1.2 Relationships with other disciplines.

1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance.

2.1 The Nature of Culture:



2.2 The Nature of Society



2.3 Marriage



2.4 Family



2.5 Kinship 


Paper 1

3.  Economic Anthropology



4.  Political Anthropology

Test Discussion – 18 & 19 June 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 2




5. Religion 



6. Anthropological theories:


Paper 1

7. Culture, language, and communication

Test Discussion – 25 & 26 June 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 3



8. Research methods in anthropology.


9.1 Human Genetics


9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.


9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy-Weinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency- mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non- consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.


9.4Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.


Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).


Sex chromosomal aberrations –


Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.


9.5 Race and racism


9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker-



9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology


Paper 1

9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology

Test Discussion – 2 & 3 July 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 4




Paper – 1 


1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:


Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution. Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian, and Post-Darwinian).


Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive radiation, and mosaic evolution).


1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.


1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following: Australopithecine


Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus heidelbergensis), Asia (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis). Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).


Rhodesian man.


Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.


1.7 The biological basis of life: The Cell, DNA structure and replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.


1.8 Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods. Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:










Copper-Bronze Age


Iron Age




1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization


 Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic Chalcolithic).


Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures. Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.


1.2 Palaeo-Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).


1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India:





Paper 1&2

The concept of ethnoarchaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.

Test Discussion – 16 & 17 July 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 5




10. Concept of human growth and development:

stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.


Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.


Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.


11. Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials, Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural, Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.





Paper 1

12. Applications of Anthropology

Test Discussion – 23 & 24 July 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 6




Paper - 2

2. Demographic profile of India — Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.


3. The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system,


Caste system in India,


Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.


Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.


4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-



5. Indian Village Studies 


Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.





Paper 2

Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio- cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change."

Test Discussion – 30 & 31 July 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 7




Paper - 2

6.1 Tribal situation in India

6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities


6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.


7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.


7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.


7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.


8.1. Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and other religions on tribal societies.


8.2. Tribe and nation state - a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.


9.1. History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation.


The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.



9.2. Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.


Paper 2

9.3. Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements."

Test Discussion – 6 & 7 August 2023 (Saturday & Sunday)

Test 8

06-08-2023 (Sunday)

Complete Paper 1 Syllabus

(No Test Discussion)

Test 9

13-08-2023 (Sunday)

Complete Paper 2 Syllabus

(No Test Discussion)

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