– WCDRR is a series of United Nations conferences focusing on disaster and climate risk management in the context of sustainable development. The conference has been convened three times, with each edition to date having been hosted by Japan.
– The conference brought together government officials and other stake holders such as NGOs, civil society organization, local government and private sector representatives from around the world to discuss the sustainability of development by managing disaster and climate risk.
– Three Conferences and Outcomes
First (1994) Yokohama strategy and Plan of action of a safer world Second (2005) Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters
Third (2015) Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
– Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
§ Introduction: It is a 15-year non-binding agreement which recognizes that the state has the primary role to reduce disaster risk, but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government and the private sector.
§ Aim: It aims at following outcome: “The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihood and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries”.
§ Sendai Framework sets four specific priorities for action:
• Understanding disaster risk
• Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
• Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
• Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
1) HOW IS SENDAI FRAMEWORK DIFFERENT FROM HYOGO FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION?
» Duration: Hyogo: 2005 – 2015, Sendai: 2015-2030. Sendai Framework is the successor instrument of Hyogo Framework.
» Hyogo framework focused on reducing disaster losses and tried to minimize it.
– HFA’s expected outcome was “The substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries”.
– I.e. Hyogo was focused on minimizing the impacts of disaster.
» Sendai framework on the other hand focuses on reduction of disaster risk i.e. it focuses more on prevention of disasters.
– Sendai’s expected outcome is “The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries”
– I.e. Sendai puts more efforts to reduce the size of disaster, which would then have an overall effect of reducing its impact.
» Sendai Framework has wider scope that Hyogo
– Sendai adds man-made hazards, as well as biological hazards.
» Sendai framework has also put greater emphasis on Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction.