No Confidence Motion
- Significance of No Confidence Motion
- History of No-Confidence Motion in India
- Difference between “No-Confidence Motion” and “Motion of Confidence / Trust Vote”
- Article 75(3) of Indian Constitution says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.
- Similarly, in Part VI of the Constitution, Article 164(2) says “The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.”
- This means that majority of the Lok Sabha members/Legislative Assembly members must support the PM/CM and her Council of Ministers.
- In other words, Lok Sabha/Legislative assembly can remove the ministry from office by passing a no-confidence motion.
- A no-confidence motion is an attempt, usually by an opposition party, to get the government of the day to prove its majority on the floor of the house.
- Rule 198 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct in Lok Sabha specifies the procedure for a motion of no-confidence.
- Any member of the Lok Sabha can move the motion. The member moving the motion doesn’t have to give reasons in support of the motion.
- If the speaker is of the opinion that the motion is proper, then she reads the motion to the house. A minimum of 50 members have to accept the motion. If not, the motion fails and the member who moved the motion is informed about it.
- If a no-confidence motion is passed (i.e., accepted by the majority)
- Government has to resign.
Significance of No Confidence Motion
- The motion helps in testing the majority of the government. Thus, it ensures collective responsibility and thus accountability of council of ministers towards the Lok Sabha.
- When the motion is being taken up, members of Lok Sabha have an opportunity to present their views on performance of the government.
- It provides an opportunity to debate and discuss key issues of national significance.
History of No-Confidence Motion in India:
- 27 No-Confidence Motion have been moved so far. None of these motions, including the one against the PM Modi government in 2018, has been successful.
- In 1979, PM Morarji Desai realized that he didn’t have the support of the majority of MPs, and therefore resigned before the house votes on the motion.
Difference between “No-Confidence Motion” and “Motion of Confidence / Trust Vote”
- Motion of confidence/trust vote is moved by government, as an ordinary motion under Rule 184.
- The term ‘No-confidence motion” is not mentioned in the constitution of India. It is provided in the Rules of Procedure of the Lok Sabha.
What is meant by Vote of No Confidence? Discuss the significant role that vote of no-confidence plays in Indian political system [10 marks, 150 words]